Obesity is a disease and leads to other diseases much easily. A condition characterised by high levels of body fat that is difficult to diagnose. Obesity is a health issue that goes beyond appearance.
It’s a medical condition that puts people at greater risk of developing other diseases and health issues, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and some types of cancer.
Some people have a tough time losing weight for a variety of reasons. Obesity is often caused by a combination of genetic, physiological, and environmental factors, as well as lifestyle decisions about nutrition, physical activity, and exercise.
The good news is that even a little amount of weight reduction can help to reduce or avoid obesity-related health issues. You may lose weight by making dietary and lifestyle adjustments, as well as increasing your physical activity level. Obesity treatment options can include prescription medicines and surgical weight loss treatments.
Obesity is frequently diagnosed by the use of the body mass index (BMI). To find your BMI, multiply your weight in pounds by 703, then divide it by your height in inches. Alternatively, you may calculate your weight by multiplying your kilogram weight by your height in meters squared.
Asians with a BMI more than 23 may be at greater risk for health issues.
BMI gives a good idea of how much fat a person has for the most part. Despite this, BMI does not directly measure body fat, thus persons with a BMI that places them in the obese group but who aren’t obese in fact may have a BMI that places them in the normal weight range.
Many clinicians also take a patient’s waist size as a therapeutic decision-making tool. Obesity-related health issues are more frequent in men and women with waist measurements greater than 40 inches (102 cm) (89 centimeters).
The Paleo diet aims to treat 21st-century ailments by going back to the way people ate two million years ago, during the Paleolithic epoch. Proponents of the Paleo diet argue that, as our genetic makeup and physique have not altered significantly since the Stone Age, we should consume the kind of food accessible to hunter-gatherers so as to improve our health.
Prior to our ancestors’ usage of advanced tool technology, they utilised crude stone tools that were not sophisticated enough to raise and produce crops, and as a result, they obtained sustenance through hunting, fishing, and foraging for wild vegetation.
Paleolithic people are said to have a lower incidence of such illnesses as diabetes, cancer, and heart disease due to a diet of lean meats and fruits combined with regular and vigorous exercise.
However, although our predecessors’ life expectancy was only about a quarter of what it is now, individuals today have the potential to live far longer.
The rise in consumer interest in eating more healthfully and understanding where their food comes from fueled the popularity of the Paleo diet, which peaked in 2014.
For the most part, the diet allows for the following foods:
Permitted: Fresh lean meats, fish, shellfish, eggs, nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, olive oil, coconut oil, and honey in moderation. In moderation, vegetables with a high nutritional content, such as sweet potatoes and cassava, may be eaten.
There are many things on this list you are not allowed to consume. Whole grains, cereals, refined grains, sugars, dairy products, white potatoes, legumes (peanuts, beans, lentils), and alcohol are all prohibited. Coffee is also on the list. Refined vegetable oils, such as canola, are also avoided because they tend to make food unhealthy.
This doesn’t focus on calorie counting and portion sizes. A few “cheat” non-Paleo meals a week are permitted for compliance improvements when people initially start the programme.
In medicine, the ketogenic diet is used to treat hard-to-control epilepsy in children. Burning of fats instead of carbs causes the diet to require weight loss.
The process of digestion breaks down carbs into smaller molecules called sugars, which is then distributed across the body to nourish the brain. Fat and ketone bodies produced by the liver, are the primary fuel for the brain if carbohydrate stores are depleted. Once you’ve entered ketosis, your likelihood of having an epileptic seizure drops.
This diet has been shown to have a favourable effect on seizures in some patients who have tried it, and the benefit continues even after quitting the diet. Adults with epilepsy seem to benefit from the diet, and this observation is supported by another study that used a modified Atkins diet to help epileptic patients. Constipation, excessive cholesterol, poor development, acidity, and kidney stones are all potential side effects.
The therapeutic diet for paediatric epilepsy meets the body’s basic nutritional needs in order to support development and repair, while also supplying enough calories to maintain a constant weight. The therapeutic ketogenic diet was first designed to treat juvenile epilepsy in the 1920s, but when powerful anticonvulsant medicines became available, the diet’s popularity declined.
This basic ketogenic diet has a 4:1 ketogenic ratio (also known as a 4:1 ketogenic proportion), which is derived by dividing the total amount of fat in the diet by the total amount of protein and carbohydrate combined. In order to avoid gaining weight, dieters should consume low-carbohydrate, high-fat foods like nuts, cream, and butter while eliminating high-carbohydrate meals such as fruits and vegetables, bread, pasta, grains, and sweets.
Long-chain triglycerides are the most prevalent kind of dietary fat (LCTs). LCTs, however, are less ketogenic because to their longer carbon chain lengths. Like other MCT ketogenic diets, this version employs MCT oil, which is high in MCTs, to supply around half of daily calories. This diet type allows a larger range of food options, as a lower total amount of fat is required.
After learning that his son’s epilepsy was effectively managed by the diet, in 1994 producer Jim Abrahams started the Charlie Foundation for Ketogenic Therapies to advocate for the use of the diet in treating other medical conditions. Her appearances on NBC’s Dateline show and on the made-for-television film First Do No Harm (1997) garnered a lot of attention.
In 1996, the foundation began funding a fresh research study on the topic, and the results, which were made public, re-introduced scientific interest in the diet.
Although there have been many possible therapeutic uses for the ketogenic diet studied in more detail for other neurological conditions, some of which include: Alzheimer’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, headache, neurotrauma, pain, Parkinson’s disease, and sleep disorders, it should be noted that rigorous scientific study is still required.
The Sattvic diet is a vegetarian diet with a moderate amount of fibre and low fat content, which is followed by many yoga aficionados.
Different meals with varied characteristics and health consequences are called “sattvic, rajasic, and tamasic” in Yoga.
A sattvic meal is pure and balanced, with a calming, happy, and clear sensation.
Tamasic meals are considered to make people weaker and rajasic foods are seen as overstimulating.
Sattvic foods are the most nutritious of the three categories, and according to Sattvic diets, people tend to have a higher intake of micronutrients. Ayurveda suggests that the Sattvic diet promotes long life, good health, and vigour.
Many studies suggest that because of the naturally nutrient-dense foods that are found in Sattvic diets, people feel healthier, lighter, and more energetic.
In Ayurveda, Sattvic foods should predominate, whereas rajasic and tamasic foods should be avoided.
In general, adopting a Sattvic dietary pattern excludes items such as animal proteins, fried meals, stimulants like coffee, and white sugar.
The Sattvic diet is a diet in which fruits, vegetables, beans, and nuts are the stars.
A whole food diet rich in nutrients including protein, healthy fats, fibre, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants can improve general health by supplying your body with vital amino acids, essential fatty acids, dietary fibre, vitamins, and minerals that are necessary for sustaining physiological function.
The Sattvic diet promotes eating foods that are healthful and unprocessed, and opposes consuming meals that are deep-fried or prepared in a processed form. Processed foods have been linked to several illnesses, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
A diet of 7 kg a week, referred to as the GM diet, is what you may expect to achieve on the GM diet. The diet lasts one week and you are meant to consume various things every day.
In the year 1985, the GM diet was developed to help the employees of General Motors to lose weight. The diet was created with the aid of the US Agriculture Department and FDA with extensive tests at the Johns Hopkins Research Centre.
The allegations that GM diets create conditions for sudden weight gain have been disproven and the real genesis of the GM diet remains unclear.
Gain up to 7 kilogrammes in weight loss in a week, eliminate toxins and impurities from your body, improve digestion, and enhance fat-burning capabilities
It is negative calorie items that are included in the diet. They will thus supply you with less calories than they will cost you to digest. There are a lot of items on the diet that are high in water. Some people promote a diet where you may repeat it as many times as you like to help you lose weight, however the diet should include a 5-7 day break between each cycle.
The potato diet is a diet that promises quick weight loss by just eating a large amount of potatoes.
Despite the fact that there are a number of different approaches, the main premise of this method is to help you lose around 0.45 kg of weight a day by eating just simple potatoes.
Potatoes are an excellent source of many nutrients, but you may question whether you may benefit from eating them for weight loss.The general idea of this type of diet is to help you lose between one and one-and-a-half pounds per day, while limiting yourself to just potatoes for three to five days.
It’s been around since 1849, but in 2016 Tim Steele popularised the notion with his book, “Potato Hack: Weight Loss Simplified.”
The finest diet medication ever created is potatoes, claims Steele in his book. His research argues that these supplements boost your immune system, promote gastrointestinal health, and give adequate nutrients to help you maintain an energy level while you lose weight. More severe diets have been taken, which have increased the diet’s appeal.
The potato diet offers few guidelines. A lot of alternative phrasings are present, however seven key guidelines from Tim Steele are commonly accepted as correct:
Rule 1: For three to five days, avoid eating any food that is seasoned, coloured, or spiced.
It is a good rule of thumb to aim for eating two to five pounds (0.9 to 2.3 kg) of potatoes each day.
Rule 3: Avoid any additional meals, including sauces and toppings, such as ketchup, butter, sour cream, and cheese.
Rule 4: Salting is OK as long as you cannot prevent it.
Rule 5. Drink only water, simple tea, or black coffee when you’re thirsty.
Rule 6: More strenuous physical activity is not encouraged. Instead, go for low-impact exercises like walking and swimming.
Rule 7. Always follow your physician’s instructions, but don’t use any dietary supplements without being given them.
There are a variety of potentially significant health issues that may arise in obese people.
Stroke and heart disease are two common health problems. You’re more prone to develop hypertension and abnormal cholesterol levels if you’re overweight or obese. These conditions increase your risk for heart disease and strokes.
Diabetic type 2 (T2D). Obesity can have an impact on how well the body utilises insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. Insulin resistance and diabetes are more likely as a result of this.
Some types of cancer. Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of cancer in the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, oesophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, and prostate.
Constipation or other digestive issues. Obesity raises the risk of heartburn, gallbladder disease, and liver issues.
Obstructive sleep. A sleep apnea disorder in which breathing frequently stops and begins occurs during sleep is more common in obese people.
Osteoarthritis. Obesity puts more strain on weight-bearing joints and raises inflammatory markers in the body as a result. It is possible that these elements will contribute to problems like osteoarthritis.
COVID-19 symptoms are quite bad. Obesity raises the likelihood of getting severe symptoms if you become infected with the virus that causes coronavirus illness in 2019 (COVID-19). Severe instances of COVID-19 may necessitate hospitalisation in a critical care unit or possibly artificial breathing support.
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