5 Reasons Why Obesity Is a Silent Killer ! Make Fitness Your Life’s Mantra!
Worldwide, obesity is a threatening factor forced over every slot of the population, ranging from physiological deprivation, physical abnormalities, to even, mortality.
It is high time for you to understand, where you are directing to, how healthy this ride is and how healthy can you make it further, for attaining your healthier and fitter version.
Let me tell you, obesity is not just a disorder but a cobweb of a number of related disorders also. If left unchecked, it may prove to be dangerous to health.
A. Obesity and Diabetes
Diabetes is the chronic condition in which the blood sugar level rises. According to WHO, number of diabetics has augmented (or more than just doubled) on a global basis. It is found that with the enhanced incidence of obesity, the outbreak of diabetes mellitus has also risen over the past 20 years.
The science behind this is the amplified fat level in the body that forms a coating around visceral organs that stops the insulin receptors on cells, to respond to insulin hormone and as a result, support the build-up of fat.
In addition, with the enhanced load of nutrients, cell organelles (particularly endoplasmic reticulum) signal the cell surface to not to react to the hormone, insulin; causing the production of a condition of Insulin resistance which eventually may even result in an elevated blood sugar level.
If left unchecked, it may give rise to serious complications associated with eyes, kidney failure, diabetic foot, and even blindness.
B. Obesity and Hypertension
Hypertension is the term for high blood pressure and is the force exerted by blood against the walls of blood vessels. As per the WHO report, high blood pressure has led to about 7.5 million deaths globally. While in India, as per ICMR, 10.8% of all deaths are contributed towards hypertension.
The risk factors for the same may consist of: stress, age, gender, lack of physical activity as well as unhealthy consumption of highly processed food.
The relationship between obesity and hypertension is all the game of too much body fat that gets build-up in blood vessels, resulting in a plaque, and leading to an obstruction in the blood flow and thus, an increased blood pressure against the walls.
Also, fat amassing around the kidney is held responsible for the renal sodium reabsorption disorder, resulting in an elevated blood pressure.
C. Obesity and CVD
CVD or Cardiovascular disorder is a class of ailments that includes heart or blood vessels and involves heart failure, stroke, as well as heart attack. It is found to be the major reason behind deaths globally.
The association between obesity and CVD is complicated. Atherosclerosis is the major reason attributable to fat accumulation and the formation of plaque.
This condition results in an excessive load on the heart and an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart, giving rise to a condition termed left ventricular hypertrophy, heart enlargement, and arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm).
D. Obesity and Musculoskeletal disorder
Frequently, we hear obese individuals complaining about body ache and back pain. It must be taken critically as if left unrestricted; it may cause physical and physiological injury.
Musculoskeletal disorders are the injuries or ailments that have an effect on the human body’s movement or musculoskeletal system. With an augmented weight, the stress on the joints and bones also increases, giving rise to an increased friction, misalignment, as well as inflammation.
The mechanism of how obesity can have an effect on the joint health is often linked to the hormone, leptin. With an enlarged number of fat cells or adipocytes (in case of obesity), the level of leptin hormone augments which is found to be degenerative against cartilage, inducing inflammation.
In addition, obesity worsens the condition of gout owing to an impaired kidney functioning, leading to building up of an excessive uric acid.
E. Obesity and Cancer
According to a survey by WHO, cancer is one of the chief reason for deaths globally with an approximate 9.6 million deaths in 2018.
According to the reports, its underlying five reasons may be: low intake of fruits and veggies, alcohol intake, high BMI, tobacco intake as well as lack of physical activity. The underlying mechanism to describe this is the enhanced level of insulin that promotes cell division and the growth of tumour.
Cancer of breast, kidney, oesophageal, colorectal, prostate and gallbladder is well-associated with an increased weight.
LET’S ALL PLEDGE FOR FITNESS NOW!
Few steps, consistently, can make a lot of difference, enabling you to live a healthy and disease-free life further.
1. Have a balanced meal
- Incorporate all the essential food groups in your meals.
- Have a rich quantity of complex carbs, fibres, in the form of fruits and veggies, as well as whole grains.
- Incorporate good proteins in the form of egg white, lean meat, beans or legumes as well as low-fat dairy products.
- Include fats such as sea buckthorn oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, which are rich in Omega-3 fats.
- Have regular meals taking specific breaks in between.
2. Make time for physical activity
Try to keep away from sitting long and take care to bring some kind of physical exercise, such as running, jogging, brisk walking, gym session or indoor exercise, into your daily routine.
3. Keep yourself well-hydrated
Drink a good amount of water that helps to regulate your basic body metabolism and aids in the removal of toxins.
4. Say no to high-calorie foods
Avoid foods that are rich in simple sugars, fried and baked. Also, opt for home cooked food over processed or packaged food.
Are you the one who counts every calorie/s taken in for the purpose of weight loss? Here is some news; calorie counting sets you very close to healthy weight loss.
5. Have good night’s sleep
A quality, sound sleep for seven to eight hours a day is very important for keeping the hormone balance intact in addition to a smooth metabolism. Moreover, it assists in lowering down stress together with the lethargy-free beginning of the very next day.
Obesity management is not a time-taking or money-investing task; it is all about discipline, proper knowledge, and supervision that matters and help you make a difference!